By Jorge J. E. Gracia
This can be the 1st complete and systematic thought of textuality that takes into consideration the suitable perspectives of either analytic and Continental thinkers and likewise of significant ancient figures. the writer indicates that almost all of the confusion surrounding textuality is the results of 3 components: a too-narrow realizing of the class; an absence of a formal contrast between logical, epistemological, and metaphysical matters; and an absence of right grounding of epistemological and metaphysical questions about logical analyses. the writer starts off with a logical research of the thought of textual content leading to a definition that serves because the foundation for the differences he thus attracts among texts at the one hand and language, artifacts, and paintings items at the different; and for the type of texts in keeping with their modality and serve as. the second one a part of the booklet makes use of the conclusions of the 1st half to unravel some of the epistemological matters that have been raised approximately texts through philosophers of language, semioticians, hermeneuticists, literary critics, semanticists, aestheticians, and historiographers.
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Additional info for A Theory of Textuality: The Logic and Epistemology
Consider the case of a circle drawn on the sand. The circle is by itself nothing but a circle. But if the circle is used to convey meaning it becomes a sign, and all sorts of things may be communicated through it. It could be intended as a letter, or a secret symbol that should trigger a particular action by some of those who observe it, and so on. In these cases, the circle taken by itself is a mere object of perception, but the circle used as a letter or a secret signal is something else. The identity conditions for the circle and the identity conditions for the circle considered as a letter, say, are quite different.
But in the definition of texts presented above, the expression used was "specific meaning," so we must ask what specific meaning is. To say that a meaning is specific and not general indicates that there are limits to it. But those limits are not established by the author in all cases. I shall leave the discussion of how they are established and questions related to the exact meaning and understanding of texts and their relations to authors and audiences for Chapter 4. I shall, however, say something about intention here to prevent misunderstandings at a later stage of the argument.
Consider the case of the word 'fire' uttered in a crowded theater. 9 The reaction of the audience gives us a clue as to the complexity of its meaning. In one situation, for example, those present in the theater try to get out, whereas in other situations they laugh. In both cases a complex meaning seems to have been communicated. " The second would be even more complex than that, for it appeals to the audience's < previous page page_9 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_10 next page > Page 10 sense of humor and humor depends on complex understanding.
A Theory of Textuality: The Logic and Epistemology by Jorge J. E. Gracia