By Kaushik Basu, Ravi Kanbur
Amartya Sen has made deep and lasting contributions to the educational disciplines of economics, philosophy, and the social sciences extra largely. He has engaged in coverage discussion and public debate, advancing the reason for a human improvement targeted coverage time table, and a tolerant and democratic polity. This argumentative Indian has made the case for the poorest of the negative, and for plurality in cultural viewpoint. it's not staggering that he has gained the top awards, starting from the Nobel Prize in Economics to the Bharat Ratna, India's optimum civilian honor. This public reputation has long past hand in hand with the love and admiration that Amartya's acquaintances and scholars carry for him.
This quantity of essays, written in honor of his seventy fifth birthday through his scholars and friends, covers the diversity of contributions that Sen has made to wisdom. they're written via many of the world's top economists, philosophers and social scientists, and handle issues equivalent to ethics, welfare economics, poverty, gender, human improvement, society and politics. the second one quantity covers the subjects of Human improvement and features; Gender and family; progress, Poverty and coverage; and Society, Politics and heritage. it's a becoming tribute to Sen's personal contributions to the discourse on Society, associations and Development.
Contributors contain: Bina Agarwal, Isher Ahluwalia, Montek S Ahluwalia, Ingela Alger, Muhammad Asali, Amiya Kumar Bagchi, Pranab Bardhan, Lourdes Benería, Sugata Bose, Lincoln C. Chen, Martha adjust Chen, Kanchan Chopra, Simon Dietz, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Jonathan Glover, Cameron Hepburn, Jane Humphries, Rizwanul Islam, Ayesha Jalal, Mary Kaldor, Sunil Khilnani, Stephan Klasen, Jocelyn Kynch, Enrica Chiappero Martinetti, Kirsty McNay, Martha C. Nussbaum, Elinor Ostrom, Gustav Ranis, Sanjay G. Reddy, Emma Samman, Rehman Sobhan, Robert M. Solow, Nicholas Stern, Frances Stewart, Ashutosh Varshney, Sujata Visaria, and Jörgen W. Weibull.
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Extra info for Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume II: Society, Institutions, and Development
The primitive analytical elements of critical political economy are real human beings with their lived experience and not some construct called Western man or Eastern man (Marx and Engels 1845–6/1976, esp. 41–3), classes determined by the relative degrees of control over the means of production, states that organize the means of coercion and security needed to overcome irreconcilable private interests, communities to which particular groups of people owe their allegiance or are supposed by others to owe such allegiance, the nation as the overarching suzerain over communities providing legitimacy to the state, relations of dominance and subordination in the international economic and political order—relations that are often called colonialism and imperialism.
Columns (1) and (3) report estimates based on a $1 a day poverty line, using the food CPI and the general CPI respectively. Columns (2) and (4) report estimates for the $2 a day poverty line. Column (5) reports the poverty estimates for the capability-based poverty line. Each row corresponds to a diﬀerent poverty measure. We can see that the capability-based poverty line consistently gives lower estimates than the estimates based on $1 a day, regardless of the poverty measure used. The reduction is substantial.
An important observation emerges from this table. Income poverty appears to have decreased in Vietnam from 1993 to 1998, regardless of the method used. There is a broad-based perception that there was a large decrease in poverty in Vietnam in the 1990s. It is hence reassuring that the capability-based results conﬁrm this. This reduction is apparent in the money-metric estimates as well. However, when we compare countries (for example, Tanzania 2000/1 with Vietnam 1993), the direction of ordinal comparisons depends on the choice of the poverty identiﬁcation concept.
Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume II: Society, Institutions, and Development by Kaushik Basu, Ravi Kanbur